060si The Making and Breaking of Language Ideology: Perspectives from US Spanish and World Englishes

Maria M Carreira


In their study of language ideology, Vald. Gonzez, Lez Garc and Mquez (2003) find evidence of a pervasive monolingualist ideology or discourse of monolingualism in college-level Spanish departments. This discourse, which mirrors national language ideologies in the United States, is premised on notions of nationalism, linguistic purity, and the inherent superiority of monolingualism over bilingualism.
The present work builds upon Vald et al (2003) in two ways. First it expands its domain of inquiry to the secondary level of instruction. Second, it examines the discourse of monolingualism, as applied to US Spanish, from the perspective of the field of World Englishes (Kachru 1996a, 1996b). This perspective raises interesting parallels and differences between the status of Spanish as a second language in the US and that of English in parts of the world where it is spoken as a second language.

Key words: Language ideology, US Spanish, World Englishes